The second part of the article examines the economic problems that are related closely with the optimization of life support systems, and projected future development of this area. Provides evidence that mainstream neoclassical economics is unable to resolve the problems of objective analysis and prospects of development life support systems in the new conditions the XXI century. A concept of «natural prices» and several versions of its application are analised. Three objective functions of such systems optimization depending on the level of the problem are considered. In conclusion, examines how the transition to «green economy», which provides less use of «inorganic» resources and update of natural organic resources, along with the further development of life support systems.